Agriculture in Laos is the most important sector of the economy. A visit to Bokeo Nature Reserve is not complete without a stay at the Gibbon Experience, an eco tourism conservation project. Laos is the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. [8][9][10][11], A 1992 government survey indicated that forests occupied about 48 percent of Laos's land area. [23] In addition to the capacity building measures, CliPAD also provided support for establishing the necessary legal framework to launch REDD+ by aiding in the forest law revision process. Until 1975, when the communist took over the country, it was the royal capital of Laos. The trees mostly only reach their secondary growth. In the south the Bolovens Plateau, at an elevation of about 3,600 feet (1,100 metres), is covered by open woodland and has generally fertile soil. Vientiane, located on the north-eastern bank of the Mekong, serves as the capital of Laos. Laos has the typical tropical monsoon (wet-dry) climate of the region, though the mountains provide some variations in temperature. It is located in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Thus, ethnic minority populations are found on both the Laotian and Vietnamese sides of the frontier. The jars are believed to be about 2,000 years old. [15] While there is a higher amount of settlements and villages in the lower flat lands, most of the human activities is concentrated in the higher areas thus explaining the different rates. It is bounded by Myanmar and China to the northwest; by Cambodia to the south; by Vietnam … Five million out of 23,680,000 hectares of Laos's total land area is suitable for cultivation, and seventeen percent of the land area, between 850,000 and 900,000 hectares, is cultivated. In the north, the country is bounded by a mountainous 423-kilometre border with China and shares the 235-kilometre-long Mekong River border with Myanmar. Laos is increasingly suffering from environmental problems, with deforestation a particularly significant issue,[2] as expanding commercial exploitation of the forests, plans for additional hydroelectric facilities, foreign demand for wild animals and nonwood forest products for food and traditional medicines, and a growing population all create increasing pressure. However, due to a lack of strong political leadership, the collaborative efforts between LEAF and CliPAD were impeded, resulting in LEAF downsizing the scope of the programs and processes. Overall, the country extends about 650 miles (1,050 km) from northwest to southeast. Countries near Laos include Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam. Print. 13 Nov. 2016. SATELLITE. It's located at the northeast edge of Southeast Asia and borders Thailand, Laos, China, Tibet, India, and Bangladesh. Location - Laos: Inequalities #42699. Laos has a smaller population than most countries in South East Asia. Where is Laos located on the map? ed. Because of its mountainous topography and lack of development, Laos has few reliable transportation routes. As a result of ongoing improvements in the road system started during the early 1990s, it is expected that in the future villagers will more easily be able to seek medical care, send children to schools at district centers, and work outside the village. During the rainy season (May to October), the winds of the southwest monsoon deposit an average rainfall of 50 to 90 inches (1,300 to 2,300 mm), with totals reaching some 160 inches (4,100 mm) on the Bolovens Plateau. Cambodia and Laos Travel Maps Where are Laos and Cambodia Located on a Map. Environmental problems and illegal logging, Environmental Investigation Agency (26 September 2012), CleanBiz.Asia News (31 July 2011) "Vietnam army accused of illegal timber trading in Laos", Impact of Climate Change on ASEAN International Affairs: Risk and Opportunity Multiplier, "Energy & Environment for Sustainable Development", "Mekong ecology in the balance as Laos quietly begins work on dam", "Vietnam worries about impacts from Laos hydroelectric project", "Laos to keep building dams despite negative impacts", "Mekong dam plans threatening the natural order", "Laos' forests still falling to 'connected' businesses", "U.S. furniture demand drives illegal logging in Laos", http://www.cleanbiz.asia/news/vietnam-army-accused-illegal-timber-trading-laos#.VKmlVKLZqSo, "Laos failing to act on illegal logging, says environmental agency", "Illegal Logging Increasingly Prevalent in Laos", "Natural resource extraction and household welfare in rural Laos", "Forest Cover Changes in Lao Tropical Forests: Physical and Socio-Economic Factors are the Most Important Drivers", "Invasive Alien Species in South-Southeast Asia", "Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity - Supplementary Material", "Factors influencing the increase of forest cover in Luang Prabang Province, Northern Laos", "Laos: Illegal Timber Exports | Global Legal Monitor", "Logging Continues in Laos as Provinces Ignore Export Ban", "Climate Protection Through Avoided Deforestation [Fact Sheet]", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Laos&oldid=1003611038, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 January 2021, at 20:39. Washington, DC: Washington, DC : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress : For sale by the Supt. With a latitude of 19.8563° N, Laos is in the northern hemisphere. The overall population density was only eighteen persons per square kilometer, and in many districts the density was fewer than ten persons per square kilometer. Both Buddhist and Hindu lores have shaped the visual, performing, and literary arts of the country. The public and private trade associations handle river traffic. Much of Khammouan Province and the eastern part of all the southern provinces are mountainous. Forest coverage decreased to 41 percent in a 2002 survey. lowest point: Mekong River 70 m total: 236,800 km² Web. The history of the stone jars is shrouded in mystery. In the past, when France granted Laos partial independence in 1949, China adopted Maoism (a form of Stalinist principles) after the establishment of the People's Republic of China by … Guided by Marxist-Leninist ideology, Laos emerged from the turmoil in 1975 as a communist country. The forests and fields support a wealth of wildlife, including nearly 200 species of mammals, about the same number of reptiles and amphibians, and some 700 varieties of birds. Migration and international conflict have contributed to the present ethnic composition of the country and to the geographic distribution of its ethnic groups. [4] Neighbouring Vietnam warned that the dam would harm the Mekong Delta, which is the home to nearly 20 million people and supplies around 50 percent of Vietnam's rice output and over 70 percent of both its seafood and fruit output. The geologically diverse landscape of Laos, with its forested mountains, upland plateaus and lowland plains, supports an equally diverse population that is united largely through agriculture, particularly the cultivation of rice. Thailand lies to the upper northwest of Thailand, while Laos is to the northeast. Agricultural cultivation is possible during with varying weather on a small portion of land area apart from the Vientiane plain and the lowlands along the Mekong Valley. The Mekong River is only navigable for about seventy percent of its length due to rapids and low water levels in the dry season. While these tropical islands bounded by the waters of the Mekong are best known as a happy haven for catatonic sun worshippers, more active souls are spoilt for choice. A few rivers in eastern Laos flow eastward through gaps in the Annamese Cordillera to reach the Gulf of Tonkin; the most important of these is the Ma River, which rises in the northeast, just inside the Vietnam border. Find out where is Laos located. Expanding commercial exploitation of forests, plans for additional hydroelectric facilities, foreign demands for wild animals and nonwood forest products for food and traditional medicines, and a growing population have brought new and increasing attention to the forests. Generally, monsoons occur at the same time across the country, although that time may vary significantly from one year to the next. The road system is not extensive. Population density per cultivated hectare was considerably high ranging from 3.3 to 7.8 persons per hectare. / Where is Laos Located in The World? Its basin is about 800,000 km² wide. Traditionally, forests have been important sources of wild foods, herbal medicines, and timber for house construction. / Laos Map ... #42695. An outstanding hydrodynamic characteristic of the Mekong River is the role of wat… Common mammals include gaurs (wild oxen), deer, bears, and monkeys. Minimum temperatures average between 60 and 70 °F (16 and 21 °C) in the cool months of December through February, increasing to highs of more than 90 °F (32 °C) in March and April, just before the start of the rains. Southern Laos contains areas of laterite (leached and iron-bearing) soils, as well as basaltic soils on the Bolovens Plateau. Laos is an independent republic, and a landlocked nation in Southeast Asia, northeast of Thailand, west of Vietnam. Soils in the floodplains are formed from alluvium deposited by rivers and are either sandy or sandy clay with light colours or sandy with gray or yellow colours; chemically, these are neutral to slightly acidic. Neighbouring countries are: China, Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand & Vietnam. Atlas of Laos - Wikimedia Commons #42696. [15] While it did increase forest coverage, native forests and shifting cultivation lands were subject to change and decline as they transformed into rubber plantations especially during the boom periods of rubber prices, altering the overall biodiversity in the ecosystem. [13] A study conducted in Savannakhet Province revealed a pattern in which the households extracting resources from the forest tended to be the rural poor. Laos is highly vulnerable to the effects of global climate change; nearly all provinces in Laos are at high risks from climate change.[1]. Laos has tropical rainforests of broad-leaved evergreens in the north and monsoon forests of mixed evergreens and deciduous trees in the south. In the monsoon forest areas the ground is covered with tall, coarse grass called tranh; the trees are mostly secondary growth, with an abundance of bamboo, scrub, and wild banana. Laos after the Geneva Conference, 1954–75, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Laos, Laos - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Laos - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Ayutthaya (Ayudhya) Kingdom mid-15th century. In terms of length, the Mekong River is ranked 12th (7th in Asia). The first comprehensive national population census of Laos was taken in 1985; it recorded a population of about 3.57 million. Forests and fields serve as support for wildlife. Rice is the main crop grown during the rainy season both upland and wet. The location map of Laos below highlights the geographical position of Laos within Asia on the world map. Elevations are typically above 500 metres with narrow river valleys and low agricultural potential. [16], Laos had a 2018 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 5.59/10, ranking it 98th globally out of 172 countries. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. [22] They also were involved in monitoring livestock management for quality over quantity, and in doing so decreased the concerns of excessive forest grazing while collectively increasing community income. Although their purpose is not known with certainty, archaeologists believe they were used as urns in burial ritua… Very little is known about the people who created the jars. This inaccessibility has historically limited the ability of any government to maintain a presence in areas distant from the national or provincial capitals and has limited interchange and communication among villages and ethnic groups. [20] Despite implementing the national export ban on timber in 2016, logs are still being smuggled on a regular basis to Lao's neighboring countries, particularly China and Vietnam to be used as materials for luxury furniture. About 4,600 kilometers of navigable waterways are located within the Mekong, the Ou, and nine other rivers. The country Laos is located on the continent of Asia. Laos has a tropical climate, with a pronounced rainy season from May through October, a cool dry season from November through February, and a hot dry season in March and April. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Also, when it comes to water flow, it ranks 10th in the world. Vietnam is located in the east of Laos, in the west of Thailand and South of Cambodia, in the north of Burma, in the People’s Republic of China. Dense forests cover the northern and eastern areas. In some parts, it acts as a triple border with Vietnam and Myanmar. Such droughts often are regional, leaving production in other parts of the country unaffected. Temperature does vary according to the altitude, there is an average drop of 1.7 °C for every 1000 feet (or 300 meters). City rainfall stations have recorded that Savannakhét averages 1,440 millimeters (57 inches) of rain annually; Vientiane receives about 1,700 millimeters (67 inches), and Louangphrabang (Luang Prabang) receives about 1,360 millimeters (54 inches). Most of the western border of Laos is demarcated by the Mekong river, which is an important artery for transportation. / Laos Map – Laos is a Southeast Asian country. [16] This prompts farmers to use extensive commercial herbicides to protect their crops from species such as the Mimosa Invisa and Mimosa Pigra weeds, further damaging the land in the long run. The closest major cities include Hue, Qui Nhon, Nha Trang and Phnum Penh. [22] USAID LEAF worked in conjunction with the CliPAD project to provide participatory land use planning as well as animal husbandry to prepare the communities for future provincial REDD+ strategies. [16] However, as non native plants or species proliferate, new diseases and pests also become an issue which upsets the natural balance of the ecosystem. In the wet season the average temperature is 80 °F (27 °C). It consists of an irregularly round portion in the north that narrows into a peninsula-like region stretching to the southeast. These cultivated areas are situated in the valley cuts by the rivers or the plateau regions of Xieng Khouang in the North and in the Bolovens in the south. [21] An anonymous witness account revealed that particular provincial governors are safeguarding the hidden illegal lumber, manipulating the reports, and hiding the total number of seized logs to protect the interests of their foreign investors. Rainfall varies regionally, with the highest amounts—3,700 millimeters (150 inches) annually—recorded on the Bolovens Plateau in Champasak Province. The principal range lies along a northwest-southeast axis and forms part of the Annamese Cordillera (Chaîne Annamitique), but secondary ranges abound. Its location has often made it a buffer state between more powerful neighboring states, as well as a crossroads for trade and communication. Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. This border is about 262 miles separating the Laotian provinces of Oudomxai, Luang Namtha, and Phongsali from the province of Yunnan of China. Author of. Because of its mountainous topography and lack of development, Laos has few reliable transportation routes. "[7], Illegal logging is also a major problem. [20], USAID also implemented a program called Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) from 2011 to 2016 to reduce greenhouse gases and minimize the consequences of deforestation. Laos is a landlocked country situated in Southeast Asia on the north-western part of the Indochinese Peninsula. Residents in the lower lands and villages of smaller river banks have traditionally traveled in pirogues for fishing, trading, or visiting up and down the river for limited distances. [16] In addition to the chemical pollution in the water threatening the health of aquatic animals and people working in the paddies, many farmers also experienced severe injuries in the field from stepping on the snail shells. [16] Bringing in alien species to promote economic development has brought notable success such as coffee, which is now one of Lao's main exports. Theory & Society 38.1 (2009): 25-55. Ban Khok Kong Hotels. Most Extreme Points in all Four Directions. A rudimentary network begun under French colonial rule and continued from the 1950s has provided an important means of increased inter-village communication, movement of market goods, and a focus for new settlements. The country of Laos is in the Asia continent and the latitude and longitude for the country are 18.2912° N, 103.6069° E. The neighboring countries of Laos … Typically, soils are formed from alluvium deposited by the rivers as either sandy clay in light colors or sand clay with gray or yellow colors. Numerous species of birds live in the lowlands. Laos is located in southeastern Asia. Discrepancies in the number of groups resulted from inconsistent definitions of what constitutes an ethnic group as opposed to a subgroup, as well as incomplete knowledge about the groups themselves. The karst landscapes of the central provinces of Bolikhamxay and Khammouan contain caverns and severely eroded limestone pinnacles. Rainfall is not always adequate for rice cultivation and the relatively high average precipitation conceals years where rainfall may be only half or less of the norm, causing significant declines in rice yields. Colonization by the French from the late 19th to the mid-20th century infused Laos with a European cultural element, which intensified throughout the country’s embroilment in World War II and the Indochina wars, as well as a civil war of its own in the second half of the 20th century. Where is Laos located on the World map? highest point: Phou Bia 2,817 m. "Laos". The Mekong River Commission, a regional intergovernmental body designed to promote the "sustainable management" of the river, famed for its giant catfish, carried out a study that warned if Xayaburi and subsequent schemes went ahead, it would "fundamentally undermine the abundance, productivity and diversity of the Mekong fish resources". The given Laos location map shows that Laos is located in the south-east Asia. [17], Government intervention policies have been implemented to address concerns such as unsustainable timber harvesting, slash-and-burn cultivation, and the allocation of forestland to other purposes such as agriculture, industry, and infrastructure development. [13] The major causes of continued forest degradation from that point onward was not due to policy failure, but rather a lack of multiple factors which include: funding, law enforcement, experienced workers, and organization in the economic sector. Laos. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Lao authorities have said that, in reality, forest coverage might be no more than 35 percent because of development projects such as dams, on top of the losses to illegal logging. [14] It cross referenced the data collected from two groups, the poor and the wealthy to identify possible correlations between welfare and the dependency on the extraction of natural resources to support one's livelihood. The forested land area has declined significantly since the 1970s as a result of commercial logging and expanded swidden, or slash-and-burn, farming. Description: This map shows where Laos is located on the Asia map. Between tubing and cycling through paddy fields, grab a kayak, … [22], Funded by the German government through the KfW development bank, the GIZ CliPAD project oversaw the creation of a national and provincial REDD+ framework through local-level mitigation measures and sustainable financing models. Guests stay in tree houses and trave… Where is Vientiane | Location of Vientiane in Laos Map #42700. Sri Lanka, India, and Indonesia are just a few places where you might travel to get a taste for new cultues, cuisines, and languages. [22] They also were involved in monitoring livestock management for quality over quantity, and in doing so decreased the concerns of excessive forest grazing while collectively increasing community income. total: 5,083 km Laos country has no coast. [23] Local communities were prompted to apply the learned sustainable practices regarding natural resource management and explore alternative means of income, to reduce the dependency on the environment's natural resources. The Mekong has thus not been an obstacle but a facilitator for communication, and the similarities between Laos and northeast Thai society—same people, almost same language—reflect the close contact that has existed across the river for centuries. Thailand is located in Southeast Asia, bordered by Malaysia, Laos, Burma (Myanmar), and Cambodia. Confined in the center of the … Laos is a landlocked country in Southeast Asia, located between Thailand to the southwest and Vietnam to the east, Burma and China to the north, and Cambodia to the south. Laos is a country with a small population which is located in the continent/region of Asia. In mid-1994, travel in most areas was difficult and expensive, and most Laotians traveled only limited distances, if at all. Omissions? Geckoes, snakes, skinks, and frogs are abundant; several types of turtles are threatened. Also, many Laotians living in the Mekong Valley have relatives and friends in Thailand. Where is Laos located on the world map? Typically, bamboo, scrub, and wild banana are abundant. land: 230,800 km² Sainyabuli is located in Laos (Xiagnabouli) and time zone Asia/Vientiane. Only about 4% of the total land area is classified as arable. On the Xiangkhoang Plateau in north-central Laos, the Plain of Jars (Thông Haihin; the name derived from large prehistoric stone jars discovered there) consists of extensive rolling grasslands rather than a true plain and provides a hub of communications. The canopy and floor of the forest are inhabited by countless warblers, babblers, woodpeckers, and thrushes, as well as an array of larger raptors. The national birth rate is estimated at about forty-five per 1,000, while the death rate estimates at around sixteen per 1,000. [22] In introducing participatory land use planning into the provinces, districts developed management plans to allocate natural resources or approved land in a substantially more eco-friendly manner by allowing for better community security and conditions over forest resources. Interactions—sometimes hostile, sometimes hospitable—with the neighbouring Khmer (Cambodian), Siamese (Thai), and Myanmar (Burmese) kingdoms between the 5th and the mid-19th century indirectly imbued Laos with elements of Indian culture, including Buddhism, the religion now practiced by most of the population. Typically there are only two ways to cultivate: either the wet-field paddy system practiced among the Lao Loum or lowland in Lao, or the swidden cultivation system practiced in the hills. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The northernmost point of Cambodia is the Ta Veaeng District. Laotians in lowland villages located on the banks of smaller rivers have traditionally traveled in pirogues for fishing, trading, and visiting up and down the river for limited distances. #42698. The course of the river itself is severely constricted by gorges in northern Laos, but, by the time it reaches Vientiane, its valley broadens and exposes wide areas to flooding when the river breaches its banks, as it did most notably in August 1966. The southern "panhandle" of the country contains large level areas in Savannakhét and Champasak provinces that are well suited for extensive paddy rice cultivation and livestock raising. Several dozen species of Laos’s birds are threatened, including most hornbills, ibises, and storks. Encyclopædia Britannica, n.d. This mountainous landscape extends across most of the north of the country, except for the plain of Vientiane and the Plain of Jars in the Xiangkhoang Plateau. Together, the alluvial plains and terraces of the Mekong and its tributaries cover only about 20% of the land area. Location of Laos on a Map. Soils are found commonly throughout the floodplains. Numerous water birds live in the lowlands. Laos’ hammock-flopping mecca has been catering to weary travellers for years. [23] In addition, it arranged law enforcement training for 162 officers from the Provincial Office of Forest Inspection as a means to effectively deal with poachers and illegal logging. Elephants, rhinoceroses, and tigers, as well as several types of wild oxen, monkeys, and gibbons, are among the country’s endangered mammals. Luang Prabang, a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in northern Laos, is an important yet charming little town that ranks among the must-visit destinations in the country. Prior to the twentieth century, Laotian kingdoms and principalities encompassed areas on both sides of the Mekong, and Thai control in the late nineteenth century extended to the left bank. Explore Laos Using Google Earth: / Where is Laos Located in The World? These mountains are sparsely populated by tribal minorities who traditionally have not acknowledged the border with Vietnam any more than lowland Lao have been constrained by the 1,754-kilometre Mekong River border with Thailand. [19] Amidst the implementation of new laws, however, to regulate the logging industry, there has not been much transparency regarding the provincial government's involvement with the smuggling and foreign investors. Environmentalists say the dam will adversely affect 60 million people and Cambodia and Vietnam—concerned about the flow of water further downstream—are officially opposed to the project. Reducing the rural population, allowing for tree plantation development, and transitioning from upland rice cultivation to commercial market oriented agricultural practices, contributed to the efforts increasing the amount of forest coverage in Laos. Savada, Andrea Matles, et al. Landlocked Laos is one of the world's few remaining communist states and one of East Asia's poorest. Laos × Show Labels. The average temperatures in January, coolest month, are, Luang Prabang 20.5 °C (minimum 0.8 °C), Vientiane 20.3 °C (minimum 3.9 °C), and Pakse 23.9 °C (minimum 8.2 °C); the average temperatures for April, usually the hottest month, are, Luang Prabang 28.1 °C (maximum 44.8 °C), Vientiane 39.4 °C). Sort out the facts in this quiz all about the People who created the jars are believed to be 2,000... Are found on both the Laotian and Vietnamese sides of the Annamese Cordillera Chaîne! At a latitude of 19.8563° N, Laos has areas of laterite ( leached and iron-bearing ) soils, nine. Nine other rivers composition of the country was completed connecting southern China to the south city, Vientiane had... 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